A.M. Ovechkin, M.E. Politov
First Moscow Medical State University of I.M. Sechenov, Moscow
For citation: Ovechkin AM, Politov ME. Evidence-based Medicine Point of View on Postoperative Analgesia. Intensive Care Herald. 2016;2:51–60.
The review considers modern approaches to postoperative pain management from the standpoint of evidence-based medicine. Adequate postoperative analgesia, according to foreign literature, does not exceed 50 %. Today the basis for postoperative analgesia is the concept of multimodal analgesia. Data EBM substantiated the combined use of schemes of multimodal analgesia: opioids, non-opioid analgesics (NSAIDs, paracetamol), adjuvant drugs (ketamine, gabapentinoids) and different variants of regional analgesia. From all drug combinations best evidence base has a combination of NSAIDs and paracetamol. In the presence of contraindications to NSAIDs, they may be replaced by a centrally acting analgesic drug — nefopam. The schemes of multimodal analgesia should be built individually for each type of surgical intervention, having regard to the features of post-operative pain syndrome after these interventions, as well as to the individual features of patient.
Keywords: postoperative pain, multimodal analgesia, non-opioid analgesics, regional analgesia
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