Influence of decompression and stabilization operations on the duration of hemodynamic support in patients with acute complicated injury of the cervical spine

I.A. Statsenko1, M.N. Lebedeva1, A.V. Palmash1, S.A. Pervukhin1, V.V. Rerikh1, V.L. Lukinov2,3

1 Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics n.a. Ya.L. Tsivyan, Novosibirsk

2 Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics SB RAS, Novosibirsk

3 Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk

For correspondence: Ivan A. Statsenko, anesthesiologist-reanimatologist, Department of reanimation and intensive care, Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic n.a. Ya.L. Tsivyan, Novosibirsk; e-mail: stacenko_i@mail.ru

For citation: Statsenko IA, Lebedeva MN, Palmash AV, Pervukhin SA, Rerikh VV, Lukinov VL. Influence of decompression and stabilization operations on the duration of hemodynamic support in patients with acute complicated injury of the cervical spine. Alexander Saltanov Intensive Care Herald. 2019;1:85–93.

DOI: 10.21320/1818-474X-2019-1-85-93


Complicated injury of the cervical spine is accompanied by a violation of blood circulation. This condition requires maintaining adequate perfusion pressure in order to prevent secondary damage to the spinal cord and multiple organ failure. The authors did not evaluate the effect of the urgency of spinal decompression on the severity and duration of systemic hypotension in this category of patients previously, as well as the presence of a connection between systemic hypotension and the outcome of the injury.

Objective. To determine the effect of early decompression of the spinal cord on the duration and characteristics of adrenomimetics use in the bundle of intensive care measures in the acute period of complicated injury to the cervical spine.

Material and Methods. A retrospective analysis of the treatment outcomes in 27 patients with complicated ASIA A cervical spine injury was conducted. Two groups were identified: Group I included 13 patients operated on within the first eight hours from the moment of injury; and Group II — 14 patients operated on within the period from eight to 72 hours. The analyzed parameters were: age, hemodynamic parameters, severity of organ dysfunction, duration of hemodynamic support, neurological status, time spent in intensive care unit, and length of hospital stay. Central hemodynamic parameters were registered using the impedance cardiography technique. To assess organ dysfunction, the SOFA score was used.

Results. Complicated injury of the cervical spine is accompanied by a decrease in systemic vascular resistance and cardiac index. Hemodynamic parameters and duration of hemodynamic support in groups were not statistically different. Statistically significant differences in the SOFA score between groups were obtained on the third and 10th day of the follow-up. Neurogenic shock was recorded in 70.4 % of cases. Positive dynamics of neurological deficit was observed only in two (15.4 %) patients of Group I.

Conclusion. The urgency of spinal decompression does not affect the duration of hemodynamic support, but reduces the severity of organ dysfunction and increases the risk of neurological disorder regression.

Keywords: spinal injury, spinal cord injury, spinal cord decompression, hemodynamics, adrenomimetics, neurological disorders

Received: 29.01.2019


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