Анестезиолого-реанимационное обеспечение пациентов с новой коронавирусной инфекцией COVID-19. Методические рекомендации Общероссийской общественной организации «Федерация анестезиологов и реаниматологов»
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Ключевые слова

новая коронавирусная инфекция
COVID-19
мониторинг
особенности интубации трахеи
особенности респираторной поддержки
особенности анестезии
особенности интенсивной терапии
особенности экстракорпоральной детоксикации
особенности экстракорпоральной мембранной оксигенации
особенности ведения пациентов с сопутствующими заболеваниями
особенности тромбопрофилактики
средства индивидуальной защиты
транспортировка пациентов

Как цитировать

1.
Заболотских И.Б., Киров М.Ю., Лебединский К.М., Проценко Д.Н., Авдеев С.Н., Андреенко А.А., Арсентьев Л.В., Афончиков В.С., Афуков И.И., Белкин А.А., Боева Е.А., Буланов А.Ю., Васильев Я.И., Власенко А.В., Горбачев В.И., Григорьев Е.В., Григорьев С.В., Еременко А.А., Ершов Е.Н., Замятин М.Н., Иванова Г.Е., Кузовлев А.Н., Куликов А.В., Куликов А.В., Лахин Р.Е. Анестезиолого-реанимационное обеспечение пациентов с новой коронавирусной инфекцией COVID-19. Методические рекомендации Общероссийской общественной организации «Федерация анестезиологов и реаниматологов». Вестник интенсивной терапии имени А.И. Салтанова. 2022;(1):5-140. doi:10.21320/1818-474X-2022-1-5-140

Статистика

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Аннотация

В процессе разработки рекомендаций были проанализированы публикации официальных сайтов Российской Федерации, электронных баз данных РИНЦ, PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE и Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) разработчиками независимо друг от друга. Дата последнего поискового запроса — 1 ноября 2021 г. Для разработки положений рекомендаций были использованы документы непосредственно описывающие особенности ведения пациентов с новой коронавирусной инфекцией (НКИ) COVID-19 (руководства и гайдлайны — 35; рандомизированные клинические исследования и Кокрейновские обзоры — 23; наблюдательные и сравнительные исследования — 134; прочие документы, заметки и комментарии — 72). По сравнению с предыдущей, 5-й, версией рекомендаций скорригированы 35 положений в 10 разделах. Положения текущей версии рекомендаций освещают особенности проведения анестезии, интенсивной терапии, реабилитации, реанимационных мероприятий, проведения манипуляций, транспортировки, предупреждения распространения НКИ COVID-19 при осуществлении данных видов деятельности. Рассмотрены методы защиты персонала от заражения НКИ COVID-19 при проведении манипуляций, анестезии и интенсивной терапии. Описаны особенности респираторной поддержки, экстракорпоральной детоксикации, экстракорпоральной мембранной оксигенации, тромбопрофилактики, лекарственных взаимодействий. Рассмотрены особенности ведения беременных, детей разных возрастных групп, пациентов с сопутствующими заболеваниями, принципы формирования запасов лекарственных препаратов и расходных материалов. Применительно к НКИ CОVID-19 уточнены и дополнены: 1) показания и противопоказания к назначению препаратов (ацетоминофена, глюкокортикостероидов, ремдесевира, тоцилизумаба, барицитинаба, статинов, плазмы реконвалесцентов) в зависимости от тяжести течения заболевания; 2) особенности интенсивной терапии при сопутствующих заболеваниях (сердечно-сосудистой системы, воспалительные заболевания кишечника, онкологические заболевания, нарушения ритма сердца); 3) срок проведения плановых операций у пациентов, перенесших НКИ CОVID-19, и после вакцинации; 4) вопросы тромбопрофилактики и лечения расстройств системы гемостаза; 5) нормативно-правовые документы, касающиеся деятельности медработников в связи с распространением НКИ CОVID-19.
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