Rehabilitation in the intensive care unit (RehabICU). Clinical practice recommendations of the national Union of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Specialists of Russia and of the national Federation of Anesthesiologists and Reanimatologists
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Keywords

rehabilitation
multidisciplinary rehabilitation team
intensive care units
mobilization
dyssomnias
deglutition disorders
quality of life
bed rest

How to Cite

Belkin AA, Alasheev AM, Belkin VA, Belkina YB, Belova AN, Belskii DV, Bodrova RA, Bryusov GP, Varako NA, Voznyuk IA, Gorbachev VI, Grechko AV, Gumarova LS, Daminov VD, Ershov VI, Zhiguzhevskiy RA, Zabolotskikh IB, Zaytsev OS, Zakharov VO, Zinchenko YP, Ivanova GE, Kaurkin SN, Knyazenko PA, Kovyazina MS, Kondratiev AN, Kondratyeva EA, Kostenko EV, Kulakova AA, Krylov VV, Kupreychik VL, Laysheva OA, Lebedinskii KM, Levit AL, Leiderman IN, Lubnin AY, Lukoianova EA, Maltceva MN, Makarova MR, Melnikova EV, Mitrakov NN, Mishina IE, Pomeshkina SA, Petrikov SS, Petrova MV, Pinchuk EA, Piradov MA, Popugaev KA, Polyakova AV, Pogonchenkova IV, Protsenko DN, Raseva NV, Rudnik YN, Rudnov VA, Ryabinkina YV, Savin IA, Safonova TY, Semenova GB, Skripai EY, Solodov AA, Suvorov AY, Suponeva NA, Tokareva DV, Urazov SP, Usachev DY, Fadeeva AS, Khasanova DR, Khasanshin VT, Tsarenko SV, Chuprina SE, Shestopalov YY, Shchegolev AV, Shchikota AM, Engaus RE, Norvils SN Rehabilitation in the intensive care unit (RehabICU). Clinical practice recommendations of the national Union of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Specialists of Russia and of the national Federation of Anesthesiologists and Reanimatologists. Annals of Critical Care. 2022;(2):7–40. doi:10.21320/1818-474X-2022-2-7-40.

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Abstract

After discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), more than 50 % of patients experience pathological symptoms that are not related to the primary emergency but reduce the quality of life and require rehabilitation. Post Intensive Care Syndrome (PIСS) include only those conditions that do not have a direct causal relationship with the emergency condition that gave rise to hospitalization in the ICU. The pathophysiological basis of the PICS is the phenomenon of “learned non-use”: a state of artificial limitation of the patient’s motor and cognitive activity as a result of the use of analgosedation, bed rest and immobilization. The clinical picture of PICS is determined by the severity of its individual components, detailed using a package of clinimetric scales. Based on the results of dynamic testing, the PICS severity index is calculated. The sum of the scores in the range from 0 to 10 reflects the severity and effectiveness of rehabilitation measures. For the prevention of PICS, the Union of Rehabilitologists of Russia together with the Federation of Anesthesiologists and Resuscitators of Russia has developed the rehabilitation complex “ReabICU”. In the English-language literature, such a complex is called “Awakening and Breathing Coordination, Delirium monitoring/management, and Early exercise/mobility” bundle. ReabICU is a complex of technologically therapeutic and diagnostic modules “positioning and mobilization”, “prevention of dysphagia and nutritional deficiency”, “prevention of emotional and cognitive impairment and delirium”, “prevention of loss of self-care skills”. The basis of the multidisciplinary rehabilitation team, which includes a doctor for medical rehabilitation, 2 specialists in physical rehabilitation, a specialist in occupation therapy, a medical psychologist, a medical speech therapist, a nurse for medical rehabilitation. The activity of multidisciplinary rehabilitation team is evaluated on the basis of quality criteria and the achievement of the main goal of ReabICU — the preservation of the premorbid status of the patient’s socialization.
https://doi.org/10.21320/1818-474X-2022-2-7-40
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